Length: 25 feet
Height: 13 feet
Length: 23 feet
Height: 14 feet
Weight: 7,5 tons
- Male: Green and brown mottled bodies with darker back striping.
- Female: Elephantine speckled grey bodies with darker dorsal.
- Juvenile (both sexes): Brown and green mottled bodies.
Diet: Low-growing plants, from shrubs and ferns to fallen fruits and tough woody vegetation. Triceratops will also occassionally consume carrion when it is available.
Preferred Habitat: Open spaces broken by brush.
Social Structure: Herds of up to 15 individuals, mostly female. Dominant individuals are usually male, but in the absence of males females are equally capable of filling in for dominant position. Like bull elephants, some males are solitary and only locate herds in the search of females when they want to mate.
Possibly one of the most recognizeable of InGen's dinosaurs is Triceratops. Adults have a small nasal horn with long brow horns and a moderately elongated frill. Young have poorly developed frills and stubby horns. Much like a rhinoceros, Triceratops has poor vision and relies on its sense of smell most of all to detect the slightest hint of danger.
Quick to aggrivate, even accidentally, Triceratops will charge at anything that it may consider a threat, be it predator or another harmless herbivore. Despite its bulk Triceratops can charge alarmingly fast, throwing its weight into an aggressor and driving the double brow horns deep into the flesh. Their short frills are solid and bony, and provides some protection around the neck region. A full-sized, healthy Triceratops is capable of lifting animals and objects up to a tonne in weight with its head alone, and the deadly brow horns have the potential to inflict fatal wounds. Triceratops has even been known to kill a full grown Tyrannosaurus via impaling, while smaller predators such as Velociraptors are typically trampled to death. For this reason most predators avoid hunting Triceratops, as sometimes merely walking too close to these animals can prove to be dangerous.
Triceratops herds tend to have more females, with a few males taking charge over three or four females each. Disputes are common amongst both sexes, with jealous males wanting to add other males’ females to their own harem. These disputes are solved by the famous pushing contests whereby after a series of bellowing and elaborate displaying, two individuals lock horns and shove to and fro in tests of strength. Defeated males leave the herd and become loners unless they can fight their way back into a herd. In some circumstances, some males (and occassionally females) choose to live alone. With no herd members to help look out for danger, a lone Triceratops' aggression heightens so much so that it has the tendency to charge at anything without the slightest provocation.
When a Triceratops herd is threatened by a big predator such as Tyrannosaurus [Sorna] or Baryonyx [Nublar], the adult members bunch together to form a circle with horns facing outwards, pushing the vulnerable infants into the centre of the defensive wall. The adults outside the circle closest to the threat will bellow, sway their large heads and stamp their feet in an attempt to deter the predator, before charging if the predator is unwise to hang around.
Triceratops spends about a half of the day eating and one third resting during the hottest part of the day, either in the shade or wallowed in mud beside the river. Triceratops herds thrive in open grassland, with the smaller versions of Isla Nublar also inhabiting more forested areas. Triceratops co-exists in relative harmony with the myriad of other herbivores which share its habitats, as long as the other species respect the Triceratops' personal space.
Triceratops is fast to attack and able to throw a car into the air with its enormous horns, which are also deadly defensive weapons. These dinosaurs spend the hottest part of the day sleeping in the shadow or cooling themselves in ponds. Most of their activity happens at night or during the coolest part of the day.
They live in herds with several males taking care of a large group of females, which have their own hierarchy. Usually, males travel somewhat separated from the herd and away from each other.
Some male Triceratops end up leaving the herd and becoming solitary; these individuals, usually gigantic in size, are very dangerous and reported to attack without any provocation.
The Triceratops in Jurassic Park learned to come when their keepers called them, and they even seemed to recognize their own given names.
For more information, see: Triceratops horridus (S/F)